Tag Archive | healthy

CardioSentials®

CardioSentials gives you a nutritional solution for total heart health. The revolutionary formula has been clinically shown to improve cholesterol, triglycerides and blood glucose levels. Phytosterols moderate cholesterol levels; policosanol improves coronary blood flow; and an array of potent antioxidants protect arterial walls. CardioSentials; take it to heart.

Plant Sterol Concentrate (Phytosterols) 1500 mg

are steroid compounds similar to cholesterol which occur in plants. Free phytosterols extracted from oils are insoluble in water, relatively insoluble in oil, and soluble in alcohols. Phytosterol enriched foods and dietary supplements have been marketed for decades. Despite well documented cholesterol lowering effect no evidence of any beneficial effect on CVD or overall mortality exists and a meta-analysis published in 2012 suggests that there is no effect.

The ability of phytosterols to reduce cholesterol levels was first demonstrated in humans in 1953. They were subsequently marketed as a pharmaceutical under the name Cytellin as a treatment for elevated cholesterol from 1954-1982.

Phytosterols may inhibit lung, stomach, ovarian and breast cancers. It increases antioxidant enzyme activity.

Phytosterol have a long history of safe use dating back to Cytellin, the pharmaceutical preparation of phytosterols marketed in the U.S from 1954-1982. Phytosterol esters have generally recognized as safe (GRAS) status in the US. Phytosterol containing functional foods were subject to post-launch monitoring after being introduced to the E.U market in 2000 and no unpredicted side-effects were reported.

Psyllium Husk (Plantago ovata) 100 mg

is the common name used for several members of the plant genus Plantago whose seeds are used commercially for the production of mucilage.

Psyllium is mainly used as a dietary fiber, which is not absorbed by the small intestine. The purely mechanical action of psyllium mucilage absorbs excess water while stimulating normal bowel elimination. Although its main use has been as a laxative, it is more appropriately termed a true dietary fiber and as such can help reduce the symptoms of both constipation and mild diarrhea. The laxative properties of psyllium are attributed to the fiber absorbing water and subsequently softening the stool. At the same time, this added bulk causes the stool to be better formed, which can reduce symptoms of diarrhea.

Beta Glucan 486 mg

are polysaccharides of D-glucose monomers linked by β-glycosidic bonds. β-glucans are a diverse group of molecules that can vary with respect to molecular mass, solubility, viscosity, and three-dimensional configuration. They occur most commonly as cellulose in plants, the bran of cereal grains, the cell wall of baker’s yeast, certain fungi, mushrooms and bacteria. Some forms of beta glucans are useful in human nutrition as texturing agents and as soluble fiber supplements, but can be problematic in the process of brewing.

β-glucans are known as “biological response modifiers” because of their ability to activate the immune system.

Several health claims requests were submitted to the EFSA NDA Panel (Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies), related to the role of β-glucans in “maintenance of normal blood cholesterol concentrations and maintenance or achievement of a normal body weight“. In July 2009, the Scientific Committee issued the following statements:[6]

  • On the basis of the data available, the Panel concludes that a cause and effect relationship has been established between the consumption of beta-glucans and the reduction of blood cholesterol concentrations.
  • The following wording reflects the scientific evidence: “Regular consumption of beta-glucans contributes to maintenance of normal blood cholesterol concentrations“. In order to bear the claim, foods should provide at least 3 g/d of beta-glucans from oats, oat bran, barley, barley bran, or from mixtures of non-processed or minimally processed beta-glucans in one or more servings. The target population is adults with normal or mildly elevated blood cholesterol concentrations.
  • On the basis of the data available the Panel concludes that a cause and effect relationship has not been established between the consumption of beta-glucans and the maintenance or achievement of a normal body weight.

Pantethine 360 mg

is a dimeric form of pantothenic acid (vitamin B5). Pantethine is available as a dietary supplement because of evidence of its health benefits. In multiple clinical trials of patients with elevated cholesterol and triglycerides, total and LDL cholesterol were decreased by 12%, triglycerides decreased by 18%, and HDL cholesterol was increased by 9%.

Gugulipid 2.5% (Commiphora mukul) 350 mg

Gugulipid is a standardized extract of the gum resin from Commiphora mukul (2.5% Guggulsterones Z&E), and has been used to help support the maintenance of healthy levels of cholesterol and blood serum lipids.

Potassium D-Glucarate 200 mg

Potassium d-glucarate is a natural compound found in the body that helps cells to detoxify by enhancing the cell’s ability to absorb oxygen and nutrients. It also has been shown to help enzymes activate nerve transmission, and maintain a healthy cardiovascular system.

Magnesium Salvianolate 60% 150 mg

Magnesium is an essential mineral for human nutrition. It is necessary in the formation of bones and teeth and assists with absorption of calcium and potassium. It helps muscles contract and relax, while producing and transporting energy within the body. According to a study published in the journal, Neuron, the nutritional supplement magnesium can help boost an individual’s brain power by enhancing short and long-term memory as well as the ability to learn.

(Dansheng (Salvia miltiorrhiza))

also known as red sage, Chinese sage, tan shen, or danshen, is a perennial plant in the genus Salvia, highly valued for its roots in traditional Chinese medicine. Native to China and Japan, it grows at 90 to 1,200 m (300 to 3,900 ft) elevation, preferring grassy places in forests, hillsides, and along stream banks. The specific epithet miltiorrhiza means “red juice extracted from a root”.

Artichoke Extract (Cynara scolymus) 100 mg

The globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus) is a perennial thistle of the genus Cynara originating in Southern Europe around the Mediterranean. An aid to digestion, strengthening of the liver function and gall bladder function, and raising of the HDL/LDL ratio. This reduces cholesterol levels, which diminishes the risk for arteriosclerosis and coronary heart disease,reduce cholesterol by inhibiting HMG-CoA reductase and having a hypolipidemic influence, lowering blood cholesterol. Artichoke leaf extract has proved helpful for patients with functional dyspepsia, and may ameliorate symptoms of IBS.

Optiberry® 100 mg

Derived from a unique blend of wild blueberry, strawberry, cranberry, wild bilberry, elderberry and raspberry extracts, OptiBerry® contains standardized levels of anthocyanins formulated and tested to supply whole body antioxidant support.

Coenzyme Q 10 50 mg

also known as ubiquinone, ubidecarenone, coenzyme Q, and abbreviated at times to CoQ10 /ˌkoʊ ˌkjuː ˈtɛn/, CoQ, Q10, or Q, is a 1,4-benzoquinone, where Q refers to the quinone chemical group, and 10 refers to the number of isoprenylchemical subunits in its tail.

This oil-soluble, vitamin-like substance is present in most eukaryotic cells, primarily in the mitochondria. It is a component of the electron transport chain and participates in aerobic cellular respiration, generating energy in the form of ATP. Ninety-five percent of the human body’s energy is generated this way. Therefore, those organs with the highest energy requirements—such as the heart, liver and kidney—have the highest CoQ10 concentrations.There are three redox states of coenzyme Q10: fully oxidized (ubiquinone), semiquinone (ubisemiquinone), and fully reduced (ubiquinol). The capacity of this molecule to exist in a completely oxidized form and a completely reduced form enables it to perform its functions in the electron transport chain and as an antioxidant respectively.

Protykin® RSV-5000 25 mg (Polygonum cuspidatum extract)

is a large, herbaceous perennial plant, native to eastern Asia in Japan, China and Korea. In North America and Europe the species is very successful and has been classified as an invasive species in several countries. Methanol extracts of the roots of Polygonum cuspidatum (Polygonaceae), traditionally used in Korea to maintain oral health, were shown to reduce the viability of Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus as well as inhibit sucrose-dependent adherence, water-insoluble glucan formation, glycolytic acid production and acid tolerance. The authors suggested that inhibitory effects may be mediated by the presence of alkaloids, phenolics, sterols, and terpenes in the extract. Both Japanese knotweed and giant knotweed are important concentrated sources of resveratrol and its glucoside piceid, replacing grape byproducts. Many large supplement sources of resveratrol now use Japanese knotweed and use its scientific name in the supplement labels. The plant is useful because of its year-round growth and robustness in different climates.

Policosanol 20 mg (Saccharum officinarium extract)

Policosanol consists of numerous long-chained, fatty alcohols extracted from the plant, Saccharum officinarum, (sugar cane) and beeswax. The predominant alcohol in policosanol, octacosanol, has been previously shown to lower total cholesterol levels and LDL levels

Chromium 10 mcg (ChromeMate® brand of Niacin bound chromium)

ChromeMate® contains a unique patented niacin-bound chromium complex.  Chromium is an essential trace mineral that works to support healthy blood glucose levels already within a normal range and plays an important role in the proper utilization of protein, fats and carbohydrates.**  Independent studies show that ChromeMate® provides greater biological activity than other chromium supplements.

Proven Effective: In a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, participants taking CardioSentials significantly reduced total cholesterol, LDL (bad) cholesterol and triglycerides, as well as increased HDL (good) cholesterol and lowered blood glucose levels.

*These statements has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to cure, mitigate, treat or prevent any disease.

Fitness

Spring is in the air and we are eager to get outside and exercise one way or another. Whether it is running walking riding bike working in our yards, we are all going to be getting more exercise than we did this past winter. But as we start moving again we must remember that no fitness program is complete without proper nutrition.

Eating a well-balanced diet is important, but may not always be enough. Supplements can fill in the gaps our diets may leave. Relìv nutritional formulas are a great source of nutrients. Either one of the essential nutrition products, Relìv Now® or Relìv Classic®, provide the ideal starting point for optimizing fitness levels, and the targeted solutions provide added support for increased physical activity.

However before you get started here are some fitness facts. And always consult you Doctor before starting any fitness routine.

Fitness Facts:
o With regular exercise, fitness levels start to improve after 2 to 3 weeks, with measurable improvement after 4 to 6 weeks.
o Most people feel better mentally after only doing a little exercise.
o For aerobic conditioning, your exercise should be “FIT”:
• Frequency – at least 3 times per week
• Intensity – working within your target heart range
• Time – at least 20 minutes without stopping
o If you skip exercising for a while after being in shape, you will lose some benefits of your program.
o Exercise not only improves your body but also improves mental function and clarity.
o Exercise releases stress. It also helps elevate your mood and reduces the risk of depression.
o To lose weight and keep it off, you should exercise a total of at least 60 minutes a day. But 30minutes a day is all you need to gain the health benefits of exercise.
o Sneaking in two or three chunks of 15 or 20 minutes of activity is just as effective as doing it all at once.
o Exercise makes the heart pump more efficiently so everything you do is easier.

No matter what you want to do ie;’strength training, walking around the neighborhood or a marathon,’ the proper nutrients can improve your stamina, endurance and recovery and help protect you from injury. When you’re active, your body’s need for micronutrients, such as vitamins and minerals, increases, along with the need for energy to fuel your activity, protein to build and repair muscle tissue and additional fluids to replenish those lost through sweating.

Iron
Iron can significantly improve endurance levels. Iron is a component of hemoglobin, which carries oxygen from the lungs to muscle cells via the blood. Many women, vegetarians and some athletes don’t get enough iron in their diet. Symptoms of iron deficiency are fatigue, lack of energy and a high exercise heart rate. Low iron also can lead to more frequent injuries and slower recovery time after exercise.

Antioxidants
Strenuous exercise can increase the number of free radicals your body produces. Free radicals can damage cells, leading to tissue damage, slower recovery time and lower energy production. As a group, antioxidants help protect against free radical damage and maintain iron levels. A new study says an antioxidant combo of vitamin E, beta-carotene and vitamin C may help athletic performance. Vitamin C helps manufacture collagen, a connective tissue protein, and aids in manufacturing thyroxin, an energy-controlling hormone. Vitamin C also enhances iron absorption and helps the body resist infection. In addition, coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), vitamins A and E, zinc, and beta-carotene can protect muscle cells from free radical damage. CoQ10 is important in maintaining intense muscular activity and is a potent antioxidant, which can help protect against heart disease, cancer and hypertension. Research has shown that athletes have less cell damage when they consume more vitamin E.

B Vitamins
The B vitamins work together in energy metabolism and muscle function. These vitamins include B-1 (thiamin), B-2 (riboflavin), niacin, B-6, and biotin.

Potassium
Potassium aids in muscle contraction and balances fluids and minerals when you sweat.

Zinc
Zinc helps regulate metabolism. Exercise increases zinc loss from the body. A zinc deficiency can reduce muscle function.

Calcium
The average adult consumes only half the recommended daily intake of 1,000-1,300 mg of calcium each day. When you’re calcium deficient, your bones weaken, which increases the risk of stress fractures, especially if you run or do other impact activities. Calcium is critical for bone formation and strength, nerve impulse transmission, muscle contraction, blood clotting and blood pressure control.

Protein
Protein is not only used as a source of energy but is also necessary to repair tissue, build muscles, and produce enzymes and hormones. It’s important to consume high-quality protein, such as soy protein.

Enzymes
For muscle recovery, protein-digesting enzymes such as bromelain and papain are ideal to help reduce inflammation. Bromelain, for example, has been shown to reduce swelling, bruising, healing time and pain following physical injuries. It also reduces inflammation associated with tendinitis, sprains and strains, and other minor muscle injuries.

Email me cinjoco@hotmail.com and I can set you up with our patented formulas:

    Such as Innergize!® which features ingredients like ChromeMate® and OptiZinc®, the most readily absorbed forms of chromium and zinc available.

 

 

 
And


ProVantage® soy-based performance enhancer supplies a balance of nutrients formulated to improve performance, endurance, recovery and repair.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Then there is:


Patented Arthaffect® joint support formula helps repair and rebuild joint tissues with over 20 ingredients hailed by researches worldwide for their benefits.

 

 

 

 

Support your body with building blocks it needs to keep you performing at your peak. You’ll find it easier to get fit — and stay fit — when you feel good from the start.
Send me an email today and let’s get started : cinjoco@hotmail.com

What is in Reliv?

What is in Reliv ? Inside this blog are some of the ingredients on the side of the Reliv Now. What is in Reliv are many nutrients to feed our bodies the food it needs to work, heal, play and just be.

What is in Reliv ? Inside this blog are some of the ingredients on the side of the Reliv Now. A discussion of the benefits of the ingredients of Reliv Now. Including LunaRich(lunasin) and its health promoting characteristics ,ChromeMate and how it betters the users overall health, OptiZinc® how it helps cell function, n-zimes how they improve digestion and a decrease of indigestion.Isolase designed to increase the absorption of isoflavones. Finally  pycnogenol benefits: ANTI-INFLAMMATORY AND IMMUNOSUPPRESSIVE ACTIVITIES ,ANTI-OXIDATIVE ACTIVITIES, SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS  ,ASTHMA ,CANCER / TUMOR ,VENOUS THROMBOSIS, THROMBOPHLEBITIS, PLATELET AGGREGATION,RETINOPATHY,CHOLESTEROL DIABETES,ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION, SPERM QUALITY AND FUNCTION. ,AGING,ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE,WOUND HEALING AND SCAR FORMATION,DYSMENORRHEA.

Lunasin?(LunaRich in Reliv Now and SoySentials)
Lunasin is a soy peptide that exhibits health promoting characteristics. Scientific evidence indicates that Lunasin is a key component in soy protein responsible for its cholesterol-lowering properties. Lunasin is a unique, 43 chain amino acid peptide found within soybeans. Recent research and development surrounding this soy peptide focuses on promotion of healthy cholesterol levels. In addition to lunasin exhibiting cholesterol lowering properties, research shows it also has cancer preventive properties.

Partnerships & Resources
http://www.lunasin.com/Partnerships.aspx

ChromeMate

ChromeMate aims to minimize food cravings, reduce cholesterol levels, suppress appetite, and better the user’s overall health. ChromeMate is directed to be taken three times each day, prior to each meal. The primary active component found in this supplement is Chromium, which is bonded with Polynicotinate (niacin). The purpose of this substance is to regulate the user’s insulin levels in order to burn off carbohydrates, fats, and proteins more efficiently as fuel. Studies have show that the component Chromium offers “16 different trace minerals” that the human body requires for daily health maintenance. Other than aid with fat reduction, ChromeMate tablets may increase the user’s energy levels.

http://www.dietspotlight.com/chromemate-review/

OptiZinc®

OptiZinc® and higher potency L-OptiZinc® are unique forms of methionine-bound zinc, an essential trace mineral required for numerous vital cell functions, including growth and development, reproduction, digestion, and for proper brain, nerve, vision and immune function. OptiZinc and L-OptiZinc supply antioxidant benefits.*
Zinc is an essential trace mineral involved in numerous enzyme systems the body needs to keep healthy and fit. OptiZinc® and L-OptiZinc® are 1:1 complexes of zinc and methionine, the amino acid best absorbed by the body. Preclinical studies show that OptiZinc and L-OptiZinc are absorbed better, retained longer and are more effective than other zinc supplements tested.*

http://www.interhealthusa.com/Ingredients/L-OptiZinc.aspx
*This statement has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to cure, mitigate, treat or prevent any disease.

n-zimes

The human body naturally produces proteins called enzymes to carry out a number of functions. The benefits of enzymes, including improved digestion and a decrease of indigestion, better nutrient absorption and elevated immune function. These plant source-based enzyme contain four types of enzymes needed to break down the four basic food components, including protein (protease), carbohydrates (amylase), fats (lipase) and fiber (cellulase). If you’re looking for getting the most out of your food and decreasing the symptoms of indigestion, try N·Zimes today. Start feeling better, the natural way!
http://www.enzymesinc.com/index.php?id=58

Isolase

A unique enzyme composition designed to increase the absorption of isoflavones.
http://www.nationalenzyme.com/NEC-products.html

pycnogenol benefits

ANTI-INFLAMMATORY AND IMMUNOSUPPRESSIVE ACTIVITIES
scientists found that pycnogenol had anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive activities

ANTI-OXIDATIVE ACTIVITIES
Pycnogenol was found to have strong free radical-scavenging activities against reactive oxygen and nitrogen species.

SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS
Pycnogenol treatment reduced the reactive oxygen species production, apoptosis, p56(lck) specific activity and erythrocyte sedimentation rate and improved SLE disease activity index in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLS). [7]

ASTHMA
Because of pycnogenol’s anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, it may have benefits on asthma.

CANCER / TUMOR
pycnogenol selectively induced death in human mammary cancer cells (MCF-7) and not in normal human mammary MCF-10 cells.

VENOUS THROMBOSIS, THROMBOPHLEBITIS, PLATELET AGGREGATION
In a study, pycnogenol inhibited NF-kappa B activation, VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expression. Thus, pycnogenol might play an important role in halting or preventing the atherogenic process. [13]

RETINOPATHY
With pycnogenol-treatment, the retinal function stopped to deteriorate and visual acuity significantly recovered.

ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE
data suggest that pycnogenol may be useful for the prevention and/or treatment of vascular or neurodegenerative diseases associated with Abeta toxicity. [20

ON CHOLESTEROL PROFILE
Devaraj S et al, University of California, Davis, tested the effect of Pycnogenol supplementation on measures of oxidative stress and the lipid profile in humans. And, they found that a significant increase in oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) in plasma throughout the supplementation period and the ORAC value returned to baseline after the 4-wk washout period. They also found that Pycnogenol significantly reduced LDL-cholesterol levels and increased HDL-cholesterol levels in plasma of two-thirds of the subjects. [22].

DIABETES
Liu X et al, Guang An Men Hospital of Chinese Medical Science Research Institute, Beijing, PR China conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, multi-center study was performed with 77 diabetes type II patients to investigate anti-diabetic effects of the French maritime pine bark extract, Pynogenol. They found that supplementation with dosage of 100 mg Pycnogenol for 12 weeks, during which a standard anti-diabetic treatment was continued, significantly lowered plasma glucose levels as compared to placebo. And, it also improved endothelial function. [28]

ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION
They orally administered 40 men, aged 25-45 years, with pycnogenol and L-arginine. They found that treatment with a combination of L-arginine and Pycnogenol for the following month increased the number of men with restored sexual ability to 80%. And, 92.5% of the men experienced a normal erection, after the third month of treatment. They concluded that oral administration of L-arginine in combination with Pycnogenol causes a significant improvement in sexual function in men with ED. [29]

SPERM QUALITY AND FUNCTION
Roseff SJ, West Essex Center for Advanced Reproductive Endocrinology, NJ, found that the mean sperm morphology following Ham’s F-10 capacitation increased by 38% following a pycnogenol treatment (dosage 200 mg daily for 90 days) to 19 subfertile men, and the mannose receptor binding assay scores improved by 19%. [30]

WOUND HEALING AND SCAR FORMATION
Blazso G et al, University of Szeged, Hungary, applied pycnogenol to experimental wounds inflicted on healthy rats by means of a branding iron. They found that 1% Pycnogenol significantly shortened the wound healing time as well as the diameter of the scars. And, the wound healing time was found to be dose-dependent. [31]

DYSMENORRHEA
Kohama T et al, Keiju Medical Center, Japan, treated 47 patients with menstrual pain, aged 21-45 years, with Pycnogenol at dosage of 30 mg (2 capsules) orally twice a dysmenorrl day. The administration of Pycnogenol began on the eighth day of the first menstrual cycle and continued until the seventh day of the third menstrual cycle. They found that treatment with Pycnogenol lowered the pain scores for abdominal pain significantly (p < 0.05) as compared to pretreatment values and continuation of treatment during the second cycle produced significant pain relief (p < 0.01). [32]

AGING
Buz’Zard AR et al, Loma Linda University, CA, established an in vitro model using genetically-engineered keratinocytes to screen natural compounds for the ability to stimulate HGH secretion. They found that a combination of equal amounts of L-arginine and L-lysine, aged garlic extract (Kyolic), S-allyl cysteine and Pycnogenol significantly increased secretion of HGH in this in vitro model. [33]

http://www.zhion.com/herb/Pycnogenol_Benefits_Side_Effects.html

PYCNOGENOL SIDE EFFECTS
Probably, pycnogenol is safe with limited or no side effect. Studies reported no side effects of pycnogenol include [1] using pycnogenol for 40 men suffered from erectile dysfunction for 3 months [34] [2] using pycnogenol for patients suffered from chronic venous insufficiency. [35] [3] using pycnogenol for 30 women suffered from melasma. [37]

In a study of using pycnogenol for patients with diabetic retinopathy, the side effect was found to be mild and it was confined to gastric discomfort. [36] While in another study of 58 patients suffered from hypertension (hight blood pressure), the side effects included gastrointestinal problems, vertigo, headache and nausea. [39]

Pcynogenol Reviews –  Pycnogenol is an extract from the bark of French Maritime Pine trees that grow in the Landes Forest of southwestern France. Pycnogenol contains concentrated levels of unique flavonoid compounds.

Reference to Pycngenol [1] Cho KJ et al,Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2000 Oct 1;168(1):64-71 [2] Packer L et alFree Radic Biol Med. 1999 Sep;27(5-6):704-24 [3] Nelson AB et al, Loma Linda University, Drug Dev Ind Pharm. 1998 Feb;24(2):139-44] [4] Zhang D et al Academia Sinica, Beijing, Toxicol Ind Health. 2002 Jun;18(5):215-24] [5] Ni Z et al, China,Phytother Res. 2002 Sep;16(6):567-71.] 6] Kimbrough C et al, Loma Linda University, CA, Phytomedicine. 2002 Jul;9(5):410-3][7] Stefanescu M et al, Cantacuzino Institute, Romania, found thatPhytother Res. 2001 Dec;15(8):698-704. [8] Hosseini S et al, The University of Arizona, AZJ Med Food. 2001 Winter;4(4):201-209]. [9] Lau BH et al, Loma Linda University, CAJ Asthma. 2004;41(8):825-32. [10] Sime S and Reeve VE., University of Sydney, Australia, Photochem Photobiol. 2004 Feb;79(2):193-8. [[11] Huynh HT and Teel RW, Loma Linda University, CAAnticancer Res. 2000 Jul-Aug;20(4):2417-20 [12] Feng WH et al, Beijing, Phytomedicine. 2002 Jul;9(5):414-8] [13] Peng Q et al, Loma Linda University, California,Cell Mol Life Sci. 2000 May;57(5):834-41 [14] Belcaro G et al, L’Aquila University, Italy, Clin Appl Thromb Hemost. 2004 Oct;10(4):373-7] [15] Koch R, Wolfsschlucht 6a, 34117 Kassel, Germany , Phytother Res. 2002 Mar;16 Suppl 1:S1-5. [15] Petrassi C et al, Universita degli Studi di L’Aquila, Italy, Phytomedicine. 2000 Oct;7(5):383-8. [16] Putter M et al, Westfalische Wilhelms-Universitat Munster, Germany Thromb Res. 1999 Aug 15;95(4):155-61 [17] [Araghi-Niknam et al, University of Arizona, AZ, Integr. Med.. 2000 Mar 21;2(2):73-77].[19] Phytother Res. 2001 May;15(3):219-23].[18] [Int Ophthalmol. 2001;24(3):161-71] [[20] [Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 2002 Jul 15;104(1):55-65] [21] Biol Pharm Bull. 2000 Jun;23(6):735-7][21] Free Radic Res. 2000 Feb;32(2):115-24] [22] Lipids. 2002 Oct;37(10):931-4] [23] Phytother Res. 2002 Mar;16 Suppl 1:S1-5][24] Phytother Res. 2000 Sep;14(6):472-3][25] Devaraj S et al, University of California, Davis,Lipids. 2002 Oct;37(10):931-4] [26] Maritim A et al, J Biochem Mol Toxicol. 2003;17(3):193-9][27] [J Biochem Mol Toxicol. 2003;17(3):193-9, Details in Section of Antioxidant Activity].[28]Life Sci. 2004 Oct 8;75(21):2505-13] [29] J Sex Marital Ther. 2003 May-Jun;29(3):207-13][30] [J Reprod Med. 2002 Oct;47(10):821-4][31] [Phytother Res. 2004 Jul;18(7):579-81][32] J Reprod Med. 2004 Oct;49(10):828-32] [33] [Growth Horm IGF Res. 2002 Feb;12(1):34-40] [34][Treatment of erectile dysfunction with pycnogenol and L-arginine, J Sex Marital Ther. 2003 May-Jun;29(3):207-13]. [35] [Pycnogenol in chronic venous insufficiency. Phytomedicine. 2000 oct;7(5):383-8.][36] [Pycnogenol for diabetic retinopathy. A review. Int Ophthalmol. 001;24(3):161-71] [37] [Phytother Res. 2002 Sep; 16(6):567-71.][39] Pycnogenol, French maritime pine bark extract, improves endothelial function of hypertensive patients. Life Sci. 2004 Jan 2; 74(7):855-62].

Want to learn more about Reliv and what it can do for you? Send me an email cinjoco@hot mail.com …Reliv Now is full of vital nutrients that our bodies need on a daily basis. What is in Reliv? A lot of good things to help your body, mind and spirit.

Pros and Cons of vitamin A

First : What is vitamin A and where does it come from?

Vitamin A is the collective name for a group of fat-soluble vitamins. The most useable form of the vitamin is retinol.

Vitamin A is structurally related to carotene.

Carotene is converted into vitamin A (a safe source of vitamin A) in the liver, One molecule of beta carotene equals two molecules of Vitamin A. Vitamin A is manufactured by extraction from fish-liver oil and by synthesis from beta-ionone. Vitamin A is carried through the body by fat. The body can store this type of vitamin in fat tissue.

How do we receive A

The body obtains vitamin A in two ways.

1.  manufacturing it from carotene, (a vitamin found in such vegetables: carrots, broccoli, squash, spinach, kale, and sweet potatoes).

2. The other is by absorbing ready-made vitamin A, from plant-eating organisms. (beef, calf, chicken liver; eggs, and fish liver oils as well as dairy products including whole milk, whole milk,yogurt, whole milk cottage cheese, butter, and cheese.)

Storage of vitamin A  is in liver cells, when retinol is needed in other tissues, it is de-esterifed and released into the blood as the alcohol. Retinol then attaches to a serum carrier, retinol binding protein, for transport to target tissues.

What does it do?

Vitamin A is one of the most versatile vitamins,  it has many functions: vision, immune defenses, maintenance of body linings and skin, bone and body growth, normal cell development, and reproduction. Vitamin A helps form and maintains healthy teeth, skeletal and soft tissue, mucous membranes, and skin. Thus vitamin A  may  be important in protecting against conditions related to oxidative stress, such as aging, air pollution, arthritis, cancer, cardiovascular disease, cataracts, diabetes mellitus and infection.

How much to take

The recommended daily allowance (RDA) of vitamin A is 2,670 International Units (IU) (US National Institute of Child Health and Human Development)

The American Food and Drug Administration has established an RDA of 5,000 IU for vitamin A for adults, with a recommendation that pregnant women maintain their intake around 8,000 IU and that vitamin A be taken in the form of beta-carotene, which is not considered toxic.