Tag Archive | Organic food

vitamin types

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Today I want to take a quick look at vitamin types(i.e.Water-soluble and Fat-soluble), natural foods a widely used terms in food labeling and marketing with a variety of definitions…. , and organic foods=foods that are produced using methods that do not involve modern synthetic inputs such as….. I am looking at natural food and organic food as way to look at natural and organic vitamins. I was unable to find information on the subjects except on sites that were trying to sell their products. Not that I do not trust them I just do not want to be biased.

Vitamins

Are an Organic compound required in small amounts in the diet to maintain normal metabolic functions. The term vitamine (1911) was changed to vitamin when it was realized that not all vitamins are amines (i.e., not all contain nitrogen). Many vitamins act as or are converted to coenzymes. They neither provide energy nor are incorporated into tissues. Water-soluble vitamins (vitamin B complex, vitamin C) are excreted quickly. Fat-soluble vitamins (vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, and vitamin K) require bile salts for absorption and are stored in the body. The normal functions of many vitamins are known. Deficiency of specific vitamins can lead to diseases (including beriberi, neural tube defect, pernicious anemia, rickets, and scurvy). Excess amounts, especially of fat-soluble vitamins, can also be dangerous: e.g., too much vitamin A causes liver damage, an effect not seen with beta-carotene, which the body converts into vitamin A. Several vitamins are now known to support the immune system. Most vitamins are adequately supplied by a balanced diet, but people with higher requirements may need supplements.

Natural foods” and “all natural foods” are widely used terms in food labeling and marketing with a variety of definitions, some of which are vague. The term is assumed to imply foods that are minimally processed and do not contain manufactured ingredients, but the lack of standards in some jurisdictions means that the term assures nothing. The term “organic” has similar implications and has an established legal definition in many countries and an international standard. In some places, the term “natural” is defined and enforced. In others, such as the United States, it has no meaning.

“Natural foods” are often assumed to be foods that are minimally processed and do not contain any hormones, antibiotics, sweeteners, food colors, or flavorings that were not originally in the food. The terms are often misused on labels and in advertisements.

The international Food and Agriculture Organization‘s Codex Alimentarius does not recognize the term “natural” but does have a standard for organic foods.

Fundamentally, almost all foodstuffs are derived from the natural products of plants and animals and therefore any definition of natural food results in an arbitrary exclusion or inclusion of food ingredients; likewise, since almost all foods are processed in some way, either mechanically, chemically, or by temperature, it is difficult to define which types of food processing is natural.

Organic foods are foods that are produced using methods that do not involve modern synthetic inputs such as synthetic pesticides and chemical fertilizers, do not contain genetically modified organisms, and are not processed using irradiation, industrial solvents, or chemical food additives.

The weight of the available scientific evidence has not shown a significant difference between organic and more conventionally grown food in terms of safety, nutritional value, or taste.

Identifying organic food

Mixed organic bean sprouts

For more details on on the production of organic food, see Organic farming.

Processed organic food usually contains only organic ingredients. If non-organic ingredients are present, at least a certain percentage of the food’s total plant and animal ingredients must be organic (95% in the United States, Canada, and Australia) and any non-organically produced ingredients are subject to various agricultural requirements. Foods claiming to be organic must be free of artificial food additives, and are often processed with fewer artificial methods, materials and conditions, such as chemical ripening, food irradiation, and genetically modified ingredients. Pesticides are allowed so long as they are not synthetic.

Synthetic:

2 : of, relating to, or produced by chemical synthesis; especially : produced artificially   <synthetic drugs>   <synthetic fibers> something resulting from synthesis rather than occurring naturally; especially:a product (as a drug or plastic) of chemical synthesis.

Definition of SYNTHESIS:

a: the composition or combination of parts or elements so as to form a whole.
b: the production of a substance by the union of chemical elements, groups, or simpler compounds or by the degradation of a complex compound.
c: the combining of often diverse conceptions into a coherent whole; also: the complex so formed.
In conclusion:
        Vitamin types labeled organic must be free of artificial food additives. Pesticides are allowed so long as they are not synthetic. Natural does not contain any hormones, food colors, antibiotics, flavorings, or sweeteners, that were not originally in the food. These terms are often misused on labels or in advertisements. I believe that  most vitamin products, even those sold in health food stores and/or by distributors, contain synthetic vitamin powders. How else do you get that much nutrition in such a small serving?
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